In Islam, all the prophets were chosen by God, Who knows the best and the most righteous among people, so these prophets must have been the most righteous because they would be qualified to receive God’s revelation and they would lead people out of the darkness of paganism to the light of Islam.
In Islam all the prophets called for one doctrine which is the monotheism. During their lives, they fought polytheism and they fought for saving humanity from the mire of paganism, the Holy Quran tells us that the prophets were sent to tell people that” there are no deities save God”.
Islam holds all the prophets in high positions and whoever attacks them verbally or in any manner would be infidel and would incur the wrath of God. The Holy Quran tells us that they were righteous and faithful servants who imparted God’s word.
Believing in prophets is among the articles of faith
Muslims can’t be Muslims unless they believe in all the prophets sent from God, they should believe in their integrity and righteousness and that they imparted God’s word in the best way.
In the Qur'an, Muslimsare told to say:
Say ye: "We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to Allah (in Islam)."(2:136 )
It is obligatory to believe that every Prophet of Allah must be attributed with truthfulness, trustworthiness, intelligence, virtuous character, courage, and articulation. Consequently, lying, dishonesty, vileness, fornication, other enormous sins, and blasphemy are impossible to be amongst their attributes, both before and after the Revelation of Prophethood.
The position of all the prophets are high
In Suratul-An^am, Ayah 86 means, “Allah has given the prophets ranks higher than the rest of the world.” The Prophet said in a hadith related by at-Tirmidhiyy, “Every Prophet Allah sent, had a pleasing face and an appealing voice”.
All the prophets were supported by miracles
God has supported All the Prophets and Messengers by Miracles to substantiate their true claim of Prophethood. The sound mind concludes the truthfulness of the one who claims to be a Prophet when he performs a miracle that others cannot imitate on the grounds of challenging his truthfulness. Abraham was launched into a fervid fire set ablaze and neither he nor his clothes were burnt. The Prophet Saleh brought out a camel and its offspring from a solid rock. Moses threw his staff on the ground and it turned into a frightening serpent which swallowed the ropes of the sorcerers of Pharaoh. Jesus shaped a bat out of clay and it became alive by the Will of Allah. Muhammad made the moon split into two halves each falling on either side of the mountain. These are only examples of many Miracles that they performed. May Allah raise all of their ranks and reward them greatly for the guidance they provided for us.
Allah, the Exalted, chose the choicest among the men to be Prophets and Messengers. The Wisdom of God entailed that all the Prophets and Messengers would be attributed with befitting attributes that enforce their credibility so that they may successfully convey the message from Him. Hence, all the Prophets and Messengers, before and after Prophethood, are trustworthy, truthful, intelligent, beautiful in shape, have beautiful voices, impeccable from committing blasphemy and enormous sins and small mean sins, clear from being inflicted with repelling ailments, clear from vileness, clear from stupidity, clear from lying, clear from cheating and clear from all non befitting attributes.
The number of prophets and messengers
A large number of prophets were sent to humanity to guide them to God.Prophet Muhammad informed us in his saying which was narrated by Ibn Hibban, that Allahsent 124000 Prophets and Messengers; 313 among them were Messengers. A Messenger is someone who received a new set of laws to convey from Allah, whereas a Prophet is someone who was ordered to follow and convey the set of rules revealed to the Messenger before him or at his time. Hence, every Messenger is a Prophet but not every Prophet is a Messenger.
The relation between prophets
Prophets are brothers and each preceding one gave a prophecy about the coming one so that his nation would believe and support the next one, Prophet Muhammad informed us in his saying which was narrated by al-Bukhari, Muslim and others, that the Prophets are like brothers from the same father but different mothers. He further explained that their basic creed is one and the same but the laws with which they came differed to some extent. Hence, all the Prophets and Messengers were Muslim and taught that the Creator does not have partners, He is attributed with the perfect attributes, He is clear from all non befitting attributes, He does not resemble the creations in anyway, he is the only One who deserves to be worshipped and that His name is Allah . They also taught that the purpose of this life is to serve as a testing medium that determines in our minds who submits to the order of Allah and worship Him and who does not.
One doctrine, many laws
However, the laws differed from one Messenger to another because the Divinely Wisdom entailed that the needs of the people required such differences. At the time of Prophet Adam the institution of marriage required that the brother would marry his non twin sister. At the time of Prophet Seth that rule was abrogated, since the need was no longer standing, and it became prohibited for one to marry his sister per se whether or not his twin sister. The laws of purification, prayers and other differed to some extent from one Prophet to another reflecting the need of the people at the time the abrogation was put into effect.
Only some among all the Messengers and Prophets whom Allah sent to us are mentioned in the Qur’an. God told us the tales of some and did not tell us about the tales of the rest.
I shall attempt to write a concise briefing about the tale of each of the following Prophets, may the peace and blessings of God be endowed on all of them and may God grant us the support of all His Prophets and Messengers:
Prophets and messengers mentioned in Quran
The number of the prophet mentioned in the Holy Quran is twenty five, these are:
ADAM(Adam), SETH(Shith), ENOCH(Idris), NOAH (Nuh), HUD(Hud),SALIH (Salih), ABRAHAM (Ibrahim), LOT (Lut), ISHMAEL (Isma^il), ISAAC (Ishaq),
SHU^AYB(Shu^ayb), JACOB (Ya^qub), JOSEPH (Yusuf), BENJAMIN (Binyamin), JOB (Ayyub), EZEKIEL (Dhu-l-Kifl), JONAH (Yunus), Al-KHADIR (al‑Khadir), MOSES (Musa), AARON (Harun), JOSHUA (Yusha^), ELIJAH (Ilyas) ELISHA (Il-Yasa^), DAVID (Dawud), SOLOMON (Sulayman), ZACHARIAS (Zakariyya), JOHN (Yahya), JESUS (^Isa),MUHAMMAD (Muhammad).